The disruption of climate change in Maine is already evident, affecting fisheries, agriculture, waterfront development, and both winter and summer tourism. This is due in part to the fact that the Gulf of Maine, the 36,000 square miles of relatively enclosed ocean stretching from Cape Cod to Nova Scotia, is warming faster than 99% of the world’s oceans.
While ocean acidification and climate change share a common cause - increases in CO2 in the atmosphere - ocean acidification specifically refers to the lowering of ocean pH resulting from its absorption of the human and natural releases of CO2 out of the atmosphere.
Volunteers provide invaluable service by collecting observations and data, and participating in monitoring projects such as bird species counts and managing invasive plant species.
Casco Bay is an estuary – a place where rivers meet the sea. Casco Bay was named an “estuary of national significance” (a designation under the Clean Water Act) in 1990 because of its richness and diversity of marine life.